Ran across this item in my email from Survivalist.com and thought I would share with you. Hope you find it of interest. Hopefully this is something we will never need to use, but just in case of an emergency, there’s no harm in being prepared…yes?
DIY Emergency Water Filter Project
Buying a water filter is by far the easier option to consider when deciding to implement security and safety to the water portion of the prepper plan. In an emergency situation this type of project can be used to provide safe, clean drinking water for you and your family. There are several things preppers and survivalist would like to acquire at the most affordable price possible, and many of them must be purchased due to the fact we cannot realistically hope to build, create, or manufacture everything we could need or want in our survival gear.
One of the easiest prepper projects we can all participate in is building our own water filters. These water filters are made out of ordinary materials that can be found around the house, or purchased for much less than a prefabricated filter from a manufacturing company.
• 5 gallon food grade bucket
• Separate container for catchment
• Strips of cloth wide enough to cover the opening of the bucket
• Raising apparatus
The water tight container can be made out of almost anything. An old coffee can, a food grade plastic bucket, or a clean plastic bag. The primary purpose of the bucket is to hold the layers of material that will act as a filter system for the water being introduced. It needs to be clean, and able to withstand modification without completely falling apart. There are several designs to choose from which may require a few additional modifications. For the purpose of this instructive article we will focus on making the water filter with what we have listed.
Step by Step Directions:
1. Drill hole in the bottom of the bucket near the lip.
2. Place one layer of cloth material in the bottom of the bucket, ensuring the drain hole previously drilled in Step #1 is covered.
3. Add a layer of charcoal. Charcoal can be manufactured for this filter by starting a fire, another essential prepping skill, and using the charcoal created by the logs. Charcoal pieces should be approximately the size of small stones.
4. Add a second layer of cloth over the charcoal, ensuring the entire layer is covered.
5. Add a layer of sand, not dirt but sand, like the sand you find on a beach.
6. Place another section of cloth over layer of sand.
7. Add a layer of gravel. Pea size gravel if available, but any small rocks will suffice.
8. Stretch a piece of cloth over the top of the bucket, secure in place with other strips of cloth.
9. Erect a raised platform for housing the bucket filter. This can be a couple of larger rocks rolled into place, fallen logs, etc. The filter needs to sit high enough to allow the secondary catch can to sit beneath it. Tilt slightly forward if possible, placing the drain hole at an angle that promotes water drainage.
10. Slowly administer unpurified water through the cloth, pouring only enough to prevent overflow.
11. Monitor lower catch can to prevent overflow as well.
12. Store or use purified water and repeat.
This is a very basic DIY water filter. Believe it or not, all steps followed, this water filter will remove far more contaminants from your water than a standard faucet fixture. There are several improvements that can be made to this basic for a few pennies more.
Prepping is often considered an expensive endeavor, especially by those just getting started. These basic DIY projects are time and cost effective. They also assist the prepper, beginner or seasoned, with developing the necessary skills and knowledge to fend for themselves under dire circumstances.
Concerns & Cautions:
Waterborne diseases remain the leading cause of death globally, far exceeding cancer and all other known conventional medical maladies. This water filter project will not move all known contaminants capable of polluting a fresh water system, nor should it be used to purify sea water. It should be used with care and caution at all times. If the water collected in the catch can(s) is still discolored, or has a foul and repugnant odor, then it should be assumed the water remains contaminated.
The layers in this DIY water filter project should also be removed and replaced accordingly. Life expectancies for this project will vary depending on the amount of water filtered and the contaminants within the water being filtered. This is a basic project to get you familiar with the idea and aspect of building your own emergency water filter when a disaster strikes. The materials used for the body of the filter and the catch can, may be modified to accommodate what you have readily available. Additional layers of all internal materials may be included if desired. In the event you want to add more layers of filtering material, stagger them appropriately, charcoal, sand, gravel. Place additional cloth layers between the materials if desired. Cloth should be clean, not oily or stained.
This DIY project can be used to filter water on a daily basis, even that from your city supplied water system, and/or to filter water harvested from a fresh water system, such as a river, creek or stream. It should not be used as a primary purifying source for stagnant water systems. Water may filter through this system rather slowly depending on the number of layers and how well they are packed.
This DIY Water Filter Project offers no guarantees. Each individual deciding to experiment with this project assumes sole responsibility for their own actions
- See more at: http://survivalist.com/diy-emergency-water-filter-project/#sthash.cJEPiCQk.dpuf
There are several comments from readers of this article at http://survivalist.com/diy-emergency-water-filter-project/ for anyone interested.