DIY Emergency Water Filter Project

Ran across this item in my email from Survivalist.com and thought I would share with you.  Hope you find it of interest.  Hopefully this is something we will never need to use,  but just in case of an emergency,  there’s no harm in being prepared…yes?


Water filter

DIY Emergency Water Filter Project

Water filterBuying a water filter is by far the easier option to consider when deciding to implement security and safety to the water portion of the prepper plan. In an emergency situation this type of project can be used to provide safe, clean drinking water for you and your family. There are several things preppers and survivalist would like to acquire at the most affordable price possible, and many of them must be purchased due to the fact we cannot realistically hope to build, create, or manufacture everything we could need or want in our survival gear.

One of the easiest prepper projects we can all participate in is building our own water filters. These water filters are made out of ordinary materials that can be found around the house, or purchased for much less than a prefabricated filter from a manufacturing company.

Materials List:
• 5 gallon food grade bucket
• Sand
• Gravel
• Charcoal
• Separate container for catchment
• Strips of cloth wide enough to cover the opening of the bucket
• Raising apparatus
DIY Water Filter Materials List

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The water tight container can be made out of almost anything. An old coffee can, a food grade plastic bucket, or a clean plastic bag. The primary purpose of the bucket is to hold the layers of material that will act as a filter system for the water being introduced. It needs to be clean, and able to withstand modification without completely falling apart. There are several designs to choose from which may require a few additional modifications. For the purpose of this instructive article we will focus on making the water filter with what we have listed.

Step by Step Directions:
1. Drill hole in the bottom of the bucket near the lip.
DIY Water Filter 1
 

 

 

 

 

DIY Water Filter 1.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2. Place one layer of cloth material in the bottom of the bucket, ensuring the drain hole previously drilled in Step #1 is covered.
DIY WF 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3. Add a layer of charcoal. Charcoal can be manufactured for this filter by starting a fire, another essential prepping skill, and using the charcoal created by the logs. Charcoal pieces should be approximately the size of small stones.
DIY WF 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4. Add a second layer of cloth over the charcoal, ensuring the entire layer is covered.
DIY WF 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5. Add a layer of sand, not dirt but sand, like the sand you find on a beach.
DIY WF 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6. Place another section of cloth over layer of sand.
DIY WF 6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7. Add a layer of gravel. Pea size gravel if available, but any small rocks will suffice.
DIY WF 8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8. Stretch a piece of cloth over the top of the bucket, secure in place with other strips of cloth.

9. Erect a raised platform for housing the bucket filter. This can be a couple of larger rocks rolled into place, fallen logs, etc. The filter needs to sit high enough to allow the secondary catch can to sit beneath it. Tilt slightly forward if possible, placing the drain hole at an angle that promotes water drainage.
DIY WF Finished

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10. Slowly administer unpurified water through the cloth, pouring only enough to prevent overflow.
DIY WF Dirty Water
 

 

 

 

 

 

Pouring Dirty Water

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11. Monitor lower catch can to prevent overflow as well.
12. Store or use purified water and repeat.
Clean Water Dripping

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This is a very basic DIY water filter. Believe it or not, all steps followed, this water filter will remove far more contaminants from your water than a standard faucet fixture. There are several improvements that can be made to this basic for a few pennies more.

Prepping is often considered an expensive endeavor, especially by those just getting started. These basic DIY projects are time and cost effective. They also assist the prepper, beginner or seasoned, with developing the necessary skills and knowledge to fend for themselves under dire circumstances.

Concerns & Cautions:
Waterborne diseases remain the leading cause of death globally, far exceeding cancer and all other known conventional medical maladies. This water filter project will not move all known contaminants capable of polluting a fresh water system, nor should it be used to purify sea water. It should be used with care and caution at all times. If the water collected in the catch can(s) is still discolored, or has a foul and repugnant odor, then it should be assumed the water remains contaminated.

The layers in this DIY water filter project should also be removed and replaced accordingly. Life expectancies for this project will vary depending on the amount of water filtered and the contaminants within the water being filtered. This is a basic project to get you familiar with the idea and aspect of building your own emergency water filter when a disaster strikes. The materials used for the body of the filter and the catch can, may be modified to accommodate what you have readily available. Additional layers of all internal materials may be included if desired. In the event you want to add more layers of filtering material, stagger them appropriately, charcoal, sand, gravel. Place additional cloth layers between the materials if desired. Cloth should be clean, not oily or stained.

This DIY project can be used to filter water on a daily basis, even that from your city supplied water system, and/or to filter water harvested from a fresh water system, such as a river, creek or stream. It should not be used as a primary purifying source for stagnant water systems. Water may filter through this system rather slowly depending on the number of layers and how well they are packed.

Disclaimer:
This DIY Water Filter Project offers no guarantees. Each individual deciding to experiment with this project assumes sole responsibility for their own actions

- See more at: http://survivalist.com/diy-emergency-water-filter-project/#sthash.cJEPiCQk.dpuf

There are several comments from readers of this article at http://survivalist.com/diy-emergency-water-filter-project/ for anyone interested.

CHOOSING BATTERIES THAT DON’T DAMAGE OUR PLANET

Here’s an interesting article from Care2.com.  Thought you might find it of interest.

How to Choose Batteries That Don’t Damage our Planet

How to Choose Batteries That Don’t Damage our Planet

Household batteries’ small size belies the big impact they have on the planet. Americans purchase two to three billion dry-cell batteries every year to power radios, toys, cell phones, watches, laptop computers, various kitchen tools and appliances, and even garden and workshop tools. This portable power is great. Its impact on the environment? Not so much.

* Batteries contain heavy metals like mercury, lead, cadmium and nickel.

* Household batteries, especially alkaline and button batteries, are the single-largest source of mercury in our trash.

* Mercury is highly toxic. Long-term exposure can permanently damage the brain and kidneys and the fetus in pregnant women. As much as possible, we should avoid throwing mercury-laden batteries “away,” since they’ll eventually break apart in landfills and the mercury could leach into groundwater.

Fortunately, following the Three R’s (reduce, reuse, recycle) can minimize the impact batteries have on us and Nature.

REDUCE

It is possible to shift away from throwaway batteries almost completely. Here’s how:

* Buy fewer toys, appliances, and electronics that need battery power. Instead choose products that can be powered electrically or by hand. We actually have a couple of portable radios that we hand-crank. They’re particularly handy to have during power outages, or even when you’re looking for a little exercise to do when you’re watching tv.

* Turn off battery-powered appliances when you’re not using them to extend the life of the battery. This should be a no-brainer. Why deplete the power when there’s no need? If you won’t be using something for a long time, it actually makes sense to remove the batteries altogether so their juice won’t slowly drain away, which can happen even if they’re not turned on.

REUSE

* Choose rechargeables. You’ll use fewer batteries overall, though even rechargeables contain heavy metals and ultimately should be recycled. Some batteries come with a USB port on one end so you can plug them into a laptop or desktop hard-drive and recharge them without using any extra electricity.

* Tap into the power of the sun. Many innovative batteries are actually mini panels of electricity-generating photovoltaic cells. They can be free-standing or part of something like a backpack and can be plugged into cell phones, iPods and MP3 players, and other devices.

* Use your car cigarette lighter. I bought an adapter for my car’s cigarette lighter that has a port that fits my phone. I probably charge my phone as much using the car lighter as I do using other devices.

RECYCLE

No matter what kind of battery you use, eventually it will die. Rather than throw it in the trash, you can do the following:

* Take batteries from mobile devices to big-box appliance stores and retailers that sell office equipment. They usually have a bin on hand where you can toss these used electronics for recycling.

* Contact your community’s solid waste management facility or department of public works. Many communities now hold hazardous waste pick-ups or collections a couple of times a year. Keep all your used batteries in a shoe box, plastic container with lid, or heavy duty zip-lock type plastic bag until you can turn them over to be properly disposed of. NOTE: If replacing a car battery, make sure to have the work done at a shop that recycles the batteries.

* Contact Earth 911 to locate battery recycling facilities convenient to your home.

What battery alternatives work best for you? Please share!

Related Posts

How to Dispose of Old Batteries
Could Sugar-Filled Batteries Help Combat Climate Change?
Recycling Batteries, Light Bulbs and Sneakers: Easy Greening

Photo Credit:

Ian Britton – Rechargeable Battery
C-DR-C – Corroded Battery

 

Read more:http://www.care2.com/greenliving/how-to-choose-batteries-that-dont-damage-our-planet.html#ixzz38W3Ap2of

Nature

FOOD LABELS FOR THOUGHT

Here’s an interesting item which I found on the Survivalist.com webpage.   Food for thought.

Food Label
Quite a vast majority of Americans purchase grocery items that make up their daily diets from big box stores, and/or local chain grocery stores. They usually have a scheduled shopping day, wherein they drive to their grocery store of choice, grab a cart, and begin the long process of trying to select healthy items to place in said cart. They funnel through the various aisles with shopping list in hand, looking for the best deals, and healthy food to feed the family.

Most of these grocery getters spend very little time actually reading the entire label, and list of contents, a product has attached to it. Instead they focus on the flashy, and often misleading, advertising buzzwords and catchphrases, which the industrial food industry has learned to capitalize on. Words such as “organic,” “natural,” “whole grain,” entice the potential consumer to look no further, beckoning them to believe the best product for them, is currently in their hand. You know where you will not find misleading Food labels? In a garden you grow yourself. Take charge of your health, and improve your lifestyle, by growing a simple garden, and get started today!

TT:

“A recent study suggests that food labels may be misleading and consumers should also refer to the ingredients before buying food products.

Obesity has become a big issue in the U.S. and there are several reasons that contribute to the growing problem. Scientists say that poor food habits are one of the leading causes of obesity in the country.

Lead investigator of the study, Dr. Temple Northup, Assistant Professor, Jack J. Valenti School of Communication, University of Houston, Houston, Texas, says that many consumers have changed to more nutritious diets. However, food companies are marketing unhealthy food with healthy buzzwords such as “organic,” “whole grain” and more.

Dr. Northup claims that food corporations are successful in fooling consumers with manipulated food packaging. The study suggests that consumers associate marketing terms with health and are more inclined to think that food labels with such buzzwords are healthier than the products that do not have them.

“Words like organic, antioxidant, natural and gluten-free imply some sort of healthy benefit,” says Dr. Northup. “When people stop to think about it, there’s nothing healthy about Antioxidant Cherry 7-Up – it’s mostly filled with high fructose syrup or sugar. But its name is giving you this clue that there is some sort of health benefit to something that is not healthy at all.”

The study also says that per the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), a food package should contain nutrition facts. However, customers tend to overlook the nutrition facts and are more attracted to the misleading labels with buzzwords.

For the purpose of the study, the researchers showed 318 participants random pictures of food products. Some of the products included marketing and buzzwords, while others did not include them.

The researchers used products with buzzwords such as lasagna (wholegrain), peanut butter (all natural), apple sauce (organic) and more. The scientists say that when the buzzwords appeared the participants rated them as healthy. The volunteers also analyzed the nutrition facts of food products.

Dr. Northup says that people were not keen or good at reading the nutritional facts on a food packaging. However, most of the participants were attracted to the marketing words.

The investigators say that the study shows how food companies are able to manipulate a customer’s perception to a certain food product. Consumers should be able to understand the marketing tactics deployed by food companies and before buying a product they should also refer to nutrition facts on the package.”

See more at: http://survivalist.com/food-labels-for-thought/#sthash.P4W6jM3Y.dpuf

A TRIBUTE TO MY DAD

My Dad was a man of integrity and ethics.  He taught these values to me and I follow them in my everyday life.  He was my John Wayne…my hero.  My dad could do anything…fix anything.  He was a mechanic and he ran his own business (with Mom’s help of course).   I remember times when strangers sat at our dinner table as their car had broken down as they passed through our little town and my Dad had their car in our garage to be fixed.  He often invited them to dine with us as there was always enough for one more person.  

My Dad drove the town ambulance in times of need and also drove the school bus.., as well as serving on the volunteer fire department…this in addition to running his business.   There was a time when one of the kids that rode the school bus told my Dad he wouldn’t be coming to school anymore as his sister was getting married and he wouldn’t have a place to live anymore (their folks had passed away)…so he was going to quit school and get a job.  My Dad told him if he would stay in school and graduate he could live with us…and so he did.

These are just a few of the memories of my Dad.  He passed over in 2005 and I miss him still.  All of the people of our little town showed up for his funeral and he was sent off with military honors.  Rest in peace Dad…you will always be in my heart.

Humming Bird